by Gilbert Jefferson08 Nov 2020
Surely, throughout your life, you have encountered the situation or you will find yourself having to speak in public, whether it is to present a workshop at the university, a thesis, a presentation or work conference, etc.
Do you get nervous when faced with these types of situations? Or do you feel satisfied with your talks in public? Whether you want to improve or if you want to learn or mitigate your fears, in this article written by professionals from writemypaper4me writers we propose 13 techniques to speak in public effectively.
The 13 techniques for public speaking, as we will see, have to do with different aspects of oneself and of one's own speech: verbal language, non-verbal language, attitude, etc. Let's see what each technique consists of and how we should apply it properly:
The first of the techniques for public speaking that we propose is to breathe deeply before the talk, inhaling and exhaling little by little several times in a row. This technique will help you feel more relaxed and will also provide oxygen to your brain so that your concentration increases.
When we breathe deeply, our abdomen swells; You can try to put your hand in it during the inhalations and see how it fills with air, and then gradually release it. In addition to applying this technique before the talk, you can also do it during it; the important thing is to control your breathing and be aware of it.
It is important to maintain eye contact (look into the eyes) with the attendees of your talk or presentation. You don't have to stare at them penetratingly and constantly; it's about looking at their faces while you speak.
As we will see throughout the article, non-verbal language is very important in this type of situation, as it accompanies the speech and enriches it.
When we speak in public, the voice should be moderate-loud (depending on the size of the room and the number of attendees); The important thing, but, is that the voice reaches the entire audience (from the first row to the last).
Thus, the volume of the voice is a very important aspect, but also the tone. Think that your voice is your main tool to convey your message and that it can give it intensity and conviction.
In this way, the voice has to change its tone, intoning the key points of your speech.
The speech does not have to be very slow or very fast; thus, the speed should be moderate. This is important so that the speech is understood and listeners do not lose the thread of the explanations.
Another technique for public speaking is vocalizing. This will allow you to convey a clear message, which reaches the audience and is clearly understood. Not vocalizing can lead to the message not being understood.
As we can see, “how to speak” is as or more important than “what is said.” Thus, maintaining a positive attitude during your speech will make the message “soak” in this positivity. In this way, the message that will come will have more strength and vitality, and the listeners will be able to catch this energy through your words.
In addition, negative thoughts (for example thinking: "I'm not doing well", or "they are getting bored") will not help you, but on the contrary, they will make you more nervous and transmit an image of insecurity (and this is very noticeable when you speak in public).
The next of the public speaking techniques is to have confidence in yourself. Trust is key to transmit personal security and for attendees to believe in and support your message. Also, in line with the above technique, having positive thoughts will help you keep speaking with confidence.
Think that you are surely an expert on the subject you are going to talk about; you must think “nobody knows him better than me, I can do it”.
Another technique for public speaking is simply being honest. Sincerity, although we do not know it, is often transmitted, it shows. Your goal should be to deliver a message that has some value, and in which you believe. To do this effectively, your attitude and words must reflect authenticity and transparency.
Try not to lose the thread of your speech, concentrating on each and every word you utter, as well as your gestures and your non-verbal language. You have to focus on the present moment, on the "here and now", since being aware of other things can harm your presentation.
In this way, being more aware of the public than of your message can make you deviate from the subject without realizing it, or that you simply lose focus and lose the thread. That is why it is important to stay focused and not get distracted.
The following of the techniques for public speaking refers to controlling fear or shame. All this is achieved, surely, thanks to the previous techniques, and with a lot of practice. When you are in control of fear or shame, you will be in control of the situation and your message will get through effectively.
In addition, you can try to have positive thoughts that help you remember that nothing bad is going to happen to you in that situation and that your fears are irrational.
As we said, non-verbal language is very important when we speak in public, since it is a tool that enhances and accompanies our message. Thus, within this non-verbal language, we find the body posture; It should not be too stiff or too bent.
We must be straight, with relaxed shoulders and modulating our posture and our body based on our words.
A bit by way of synthesis, this technique collects some of the previous techniques for public speaking. Thus, taking care of gestures, voice, posture, tone, speed, eye contact, etc., will help us to transmit a powerful, convincing, and real message so that our body is consistent with our words.
To finalize the techniques for public speaking that will allow you to make an effective presentation, we propose the latest technique: practice, practice, and practice. You can do it at home alone or in front of a family member or friend, to later include more people.
The important thing is that you expose yourself to the situation that gives you anguish (or simply, that you gain experience in your speech). The more you practice, the more likely it is that you will lose your shame and that your explanation will be complete and clear.